Surgeries for disorders of the thyroid and parathyroid glands vary according to the disorder being treated. For example, partial removal of a thyroid gland for which diagnostic testing is not fully informative is different than removal of the entire gland or associated lymph nodes for cancer.
The thyroid gland on the lower neck produces hormones that control metabolism. Benign or malignant thyroid tumors can develop and be seen as lumps on the neck. Malignant tumors can cause hoarseness, lymph node enlargement, pain, and difficulty breathing. The parathyroid glands are much smaller, arranged around the thyroid gland. They are responsible for calcium metabolism, and disorders of these glands may be picked up on routine medical checkups.
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