Nasal polyp surgery is a common surgical procedure performed to remove nasal polyps (teardrop-shaped growths, usually benign, that can form in the nasal passages and/or sinus cavity) which may be causing chronic infections or breathing problems for the affected patient. Nasal polyp surgery is typically recommended if treatment with medication, such as corticosteroids, is unsuccessful at shrinking the polyp or relieving the discomfort caused by the nasal polyp.
The type of nasal polyp surgery performed will depend on several factors:
- Polyp size
- Polyp location
- Number of nasal polyps being removed
Types of Nasal Polyp Surgery
- Polypectomy: For smaller polyps that can be reached easily from outside the nose, your ENT specialist can utilize a small suction device, called a microdebrider, which will cut and remove the unwanted tissue during an outpatient surgical procedure using local anesthetic.
- Endoscopic sinus surgery: Polyps that are larger (more obstructive) and/or deeper in the nasal passages or sinus cavity usually need to be removed during an endoscopic sinus procedure. Your ENT surgeon uses a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) equipped with a tiny camera to locate the affected area within the nose, then lances the polyp using specially designed surgical tools. If necessary, your surgeon may widen the sinus cavity at this time to aid in unobstructed breathing. Endoscopic sinus surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia.
Both types of surgery to remove nasal polyps are typically performed on an outpatient basis and can be completed within about an hour. During both procedures, nasal polyps are completely removed, however the chance of polyp recurrence is often high. Saline washes and nasal sprays can help prevent recurring polyps.
Patients who undergo general anesthesia are able to return home soon after the procedure once the anesthesia has worn off, which is usually within an hour or 2. Those having a polypectomy with local anesthetic can typically go home shortly afterward. No scarring or incisions are visible, as both procedures are performed from inside the nasal cavity.
Your doctor will likely irrigate the nasal passages/sinus cavity prior to surgery as well as afterward to clear any mucus or irritants from the area.
Although it can feel overwhelming to deal with nasal polyps, you can start your path to relief with the help of a skilled specialist. Our physicians here at Fort Worth ENT & Sinus are here to help. To make an appointment with one of our ear, nose, and throat specialists, call 817-221-8848 or request an appointment online today.